Harmonization strategy report toward support to space mission and assimilation system based on RI data

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D2.3 Harmonization strategy report toward support to space mission and assimilation system based on RI data
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Project ENVRIplus
Deliverable nr D2.3
Submission date 2019-07-28
Type Report

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The European atmosphere and marine research infrastructures monitor the atmosphere and oceans fundamental variables, through in-situ and remote sensing measurements, linking global and regional scales at different temporal resolutions. The measured variables are fundamental indicators to quantitatively assess Earth system health. The ultimate goal of the atmospheric and marine research infrastructures is to provide a high-quality measurement database to support both the space and in-situ measurement components of the European Union COPERNICUS program, especially for the Sentinel missions.

With respect to the atmospheric domain, different processes are increasingly the focus of many societal and environmental challenges, such as air quality, health, sustainability and climate change, i.e. reliable predictions of the future climate using climate models are central and fundamental requirements for determining future mitigation strategies. In this framework, Research infrastructures such as ACTRIS (Aerosols, Clouds and Trace gases Research Infrastructure) provides a platform for researchers to combine their efforts more effectively making available high-quality observational data of aerosols, clouds optical and microphysical properties and trace gases concentrations openly available to anyone who might want to use them. IAGOS (In-service Aircraft for a Global Observing System) provides instead a database of airliner measurements for users in science and policy while the Integrated Carbon Observation System (ICOS) provides data on greenhouse gas concentrations. ICOS, as part of the European environmental Research Infrastructure landscape, contributes at different levels both to assimilate and validate the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS), one of the six services part of Copernicus Earth Observation program.

With respect to the aquatic domain, research infrastructures such as EuroGOOS contribute to the operation of COPERNICUS Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS) through a broad range of activities, which include identifying priorities, enhancing cooperation and promoting the benefits of operational oceanography to ensure sustained observations made in Europe’s seas underpinning a suite of fit-for-purpose products and services for marine and maritime end-users. In the same framework, Euro Argo ERIC is now the single most important in-situ observing system for operational oceanography. Its main focus is maintaining the global array of measurements that it is essential for the long-term sustainability and evolution of the CMEMS. Similarly, the objective of JERICO-NEXT is the strengthening and enlarging of a solid and transparent European network of operational services for the timely, continuous and sustainable delivery of high quality environmental data and information products related to marine environment in European coastal seas.

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