SV Community Roles

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A role in a community is a prescribing behaviour that can be performed any number of times concurrently or successively. A role can be either active (typically associated with a human actor) or passive (typically associated with a non-human actor, e.g. software or hardware components).

Active roles are identified in relation to people associated with a research infrastructure:

  • those who use the research infrastructure to do science;
  • those who work on resources to build, maintain and operate the research infrastructure; and
  • those who govern, manage and administer the research infrastructure

An individual may be a member of more than one community by undertaking different roles.

Passive roles are identified with subsystems, subsystem components, and hardware facilities. Active roles interact with passive roles to achieve their objectives.

  • Research Infrastructure
  • Roles in the Data Acquisition Community
  • Roles in the Data Curation Community
  • Roles in the Data Publishing Community
  • Roles in the Data Processing Community
  • Roles in the Data Use Community

Research Infrastructure

Research Infrastructure is the main entity being modeled in any ENVRI RM specification, additionally RI is a special role which can be part of the communities. This role is defined as follows.

Research Infrastructure: An active or passive role, which is the conglomeration of research resources providing some subset of data acquisition, data curation, data publishing, data processing and data use functionality to a research community.

Roles in the Data Acquisition Community

The main objective of the data acquisition community is to bring measurements into the system. Consider a typical data acquisition scenario: A measurement and monitoring model is designed by designers based on the requirements of environmental scientists. Such a design decides what data is to be collected and what metadata is to be associated with it, e.g., experimental information and instrument conditions. Technicians configure and calibrate a sensor or a sensor network to satisfy the experiment specifications. In the case where human sensors are to be used, observers or measurers input the measures to the system, e.g., by using mobile devices. Data collectors interact with a data acquisition subsystem to prepare the data or control the flow of data in order to automatically collect and transmit the data.

The following roles are identified in a data acquisition community:

  • Environmental Scientist: An active role, which is a person who conducts research or performs scientific investigations. Using knowledge of various scientific disciplines, they may collect, process, analyse, synthesize, study, report, and/or recommend action based on data derived from measurements or observations of (for example) air, rock, soil, water, nature, and other sources.
  • Sensor: A passive role, which is a converter that measures a physical quantity and converts it into a signal which can be read by an observer or by an (electronic) instrument.
  • Sensor network: A passive role, which is a network consisting of distributed autonomous sensors to monitor physical or environmental conditions.
  • Measurement Model Designer: An active role, which is a person who designs the measurements and monitoring models based on the requirements of environmental scientists.
  • Technician: An active role, which is a person who develops and deploys sensor instruments, establishing and testing the sensor network, operating, maintaining, monitoring and repairing the observatory hardware.
  • Measurer: An active role, which is a person who determines the ratio of a physical quantity (such as a length, time, temperature etc.), to a unit of measurement (such as the meter, second or degree Celsius).
  • Observer: An active role, which is a person who receives knowledge of the outside world through his senses, or records data using scientific instruments.
  • Data collector: Active or passive role, adopted by a person or an instrument collecting data.
  • Data Acquisition Subystem: In the Science Viewpoint, the data acquisition subsystem is passive role of the data acquisition community. It is the part of the research infrastructure providing functionalities to automate the process of data acquisition.
Acquisition Community Roles